Ref NoMS/235/18
DescriptionCorrespondence of E.M. Holmes and individuals with the surname beginning with W. Details of the author, number of letters, place of writing and dates are listed below:

- WALKER, THOMAS A. (3 letters): Tunbridge Wells, 1881-1883, 1 undated
1) Tunbridge Wells, 01 January 1881
Will procure the mosses required and deliver them to Bloomsbury Street.

2) Tunbridge Wells, 10 October 1883
Found some good algae at Bournemouth, inc. [including] several specimens of 'Polysiphonia', possibly 'Furcellata' or 'Stricta'. Traill was not sure. Did Holmes go to Southport for the Pharmaceutical Congress, and, if so, did he find 'Catascopium' ['Nigutum']? Hopes to come and have a chat soon. Was at Slapton and Studland recently and found 'Sphacelaria filicina' and 'Dudresnaia coccinea'.

3) Tunbridge Wells, undated (from son, Thomas Walker)
Father died a week after falling and breaking his arm.

- WATERFALL, W.B. FLS (3 letters): Bristol, 1884-1887 (Formed Moss herbarium)
1) Bristol, 31 December 1884
Received letter of 23rd July. Encloses duplicates of 'Euphorpia' ['Peplus'], found west of [Lorcross]. Mr Curnow told him of it. Now concentrating on mosses and would welcome any [rare] mosses not from Cornwall.

2) Bristol, 29 January 1885
Been ill with a bad cold, but now he's in Cornwall again and been out with Curnow and Marquand at Penzance. Hopes to hunt mosses with Marquand in the Snowdon area on the Scottish Highlands. Would like to know how Holmes keeps his moss collection - in albums, packets or mounted sheets.

3) Bristol, 09 April 1887
Sends the promised flowering plants. Too busy to accept Holmes' invitation to show him 'Seligeria pauciflora' and 'Anacalypta caespitosa' growing. Mounting his mosses in albums, his needed a lot of care. Still anxious for specimens.

- WEIR, HARRISON (2 letters): Appledore (Kent), 1896 and 1905
1) 08 November 1896
Apologises for not going out with Holmes on [Saturday]. Was overtired from gardening. Advice on moving a [crate].

2) Appledore, Kent, 21 May 1905
Apologies for not answering letter. Been ill. Gives advice on apples. Invites Holmes to visit his garden.

- WESLEY, J.C. (7 letters): Wetherby (Yorkshire), 1877-1879
1) Wetherby, 07 December 1877
Thanks for increasing his knowledge of mosses.

2) Wetherby, 11 March 1878
Thanks for naming the [Seale] mosses. Offers to accommodate Holmes and friend in his small house. Describes the [country] and the [route] to Wetherby via Winchbridge, and lists the [rare] plants. Mentions [Bulmen's] book.

3) Wetherby, 11 April 1878
Posted [M. imponens] on April 9th. Will be at home to receive Holmes. Describes Wetherby. Asks if Mr. Boswell is a professor of Botany at Oxford, and wishes he would go out with them.

4) Wetherby, 02 November 1878
Many errors about localities in [Schimper]. Ferguson and Boswell have been corresponding about a 'Campylopus'. Wishes Lee's second volume of 'West Yorkshire' would come out, but there seems to be financial difficulties.

5) Wetherby, 19 November 1878
A heavy fall of snow is keeping the mosses safe. More [errata] in [Schimper]. Offers to let Holmes see the letters between Ferguson and Boswell. Gives [desiderata].

6) Wetherby, 17 November 1878
Has no hesitation about writing on a [Sunday] about mosses. Sends one or two specimens. Ferguson would be glad of any 'Campylopus' specimens. Asks for 'Kneiffii' and 'Confervoides'. Recommends the Midland Naturalist, published in Birmingham.

7) Wetherby, 07 August 1879
Thanks for Bryum specimen from Teesdale, possibly B. [Pallens] comments on variable [nature] of 'D.' ['Fuscescen'].

- WEST, WILLIAM FLS (20 letters): Bradford, 1878-1909 (Pharmaceutical chemist and lecturer in Botany at Bradford Technical College)
1) Bradford, 20 November 1878
Cannot send a good specimen of Aulacomnium turgidum, which they found near pool on Whernside with 'Sphagnum squarrosum', and 'S.' ['Sphagnum'] 'papillosum'. [Dr. Lees] of [Market Rasen] has most of the specimens and wants their discovery kept quiet for a while. Any scraps Holmes has to spare would be welcome. Offers various mosses in return. Adds note on 'Ditrichum flexicaule'.

2) Bradford, 01 October 1879
Thanks for letter and [enclosure]. Went to York last for ['Riccia natami'?], which he encloses, with one or two other things. Asks for bibliographical information on fresh water algae. Has no chance to study marine algae. Lists limestone mosses found on a 40 mile ramble from Bell Bank to [Arnside] and back. Gives his desiderata. Has started two other Bradfordians off on the study of mosses and has to help them a lot. Hopes to persuade Lees to visit Whernside again.

3) Bradford, 08 November 1879
Sympathises with Holmes in being so busy. Thanks for bibliographic information and for mosses. Offers to mount mosses for Holmes. Sends a bit of what Boswell thinks is 'Leptotrichum (ditrichum) flexicaule compactum'. Will try to find some ['Gymnotrium concinnatum'].

4) Bradford, 12 December 1879
Encloses a few slides as promised. Will send more when the weather stops freezing. Offers 'Trichina spiralia'. Will call on Holmes some time. Will work hard at the 'Hepaticae' in spring, especially in Bolton Woods. Explains that he occasionally botanises on Sunday.

5) Bradford, 03 May 1880
Hopes Holmes will be pleased with H. ['Falcata var.'] Virese Aerial orchids must contain iron and chlorophyll and [potash], but it is uncertain whether they take up the necessary minerals from dust dissolved in [moisture] on their aerial roots, or through the bark on the trees to which other roots cling. Thanks Holmes for notes on [dint] on plants in town gardens. Will examine the boulder at Malham Cove. Sends a few slides of interest.

6) Bradford, 05 October 1880
Connects the name of a GRIMMIA sent previously to [Norvegica]. Toadstools springing 'faster than he can name them.'

7) Bradford, 09 November 1880
Hopes Holmes will have a good audience for his lecture on 10th. Thanks for 'Jung.' ['jungermania'?] 'exsecta', which he has seen only once. Has planted 'Euphorbia hibernica' seeds indoors. Still very interested in lichens, but also still looking up his "moss [auears]," so not enough time. Has also been studying seaweeds through friends in Seaton and Ramsgate. Pleased with Braithwaite's Flora. Notes on various mosses.

8) "P.S.", 14 January 1881
Describes 'Clathrocystis' and 'Caelosphaerium' found in [?] on a [bathe] of water from Cropstone reservoir, which has been on his windowsill all winter.

9) Bradford, 06 April 1881
Mistook the date of the Lin. Soc. [Linnean Society] meeting. Sends map of [Millerdale] and asks Holmes to sketch in the location of the gate and waterfall he mentions. Knows the Duke well and stayed at Wormhill near [Chee Tor] before he was interested in 'CRYPTOGAMS', and would like to mature them to investigate them.

10) Bradford, 12 April 1881
Thanks for nice new Alga. Sends best wishes for his Welsh trip and hopes he will look for lichens. Sends brief notes on one or two which he may find.

11) Bradford, 05 May 1881
Pleased to hear from Holmes. Was going to ask him to publish 'G. calcareum', which Holmes found 7 years before in the same place. Has had too little time to sort out Holmes' specimens, but sends a packet from Pearson containing ['Juretzkama. comosa'?] and would like half of it back sometime. Also encloses mosses list of Algae, to which he has added 4 species and which the 'Naturalist' has not yet published.

12) Bradford, 28 July 1881
Has had to do his brother's work as well as his own for the next two months. Thanks for connection about 'Platysoma [?] nivane' and for hint about 'C. ericetorum'. Has found some C. 'Pilufera' ['Pilifera'] from limestone. Encloses 4 specimens, but knows Holmes will be busy with the Pharmaceutical Congress. Hopes Holmes will win the Hanbury medal. Has often longed to pick out the seeds from commercial linseed and grow them. Found the rocks at Malham Cove covered with mosses and lichens inc. [including] 'Collema fluviatile'.

13) Bradford, 07 December 1883
Many thanks for box of interesting mosses and lichens. Thinks he should concentrate on certain groups, but is always being asked to identify the [commoner] mosses of W. Yorks [West Yorkshire]. Sends a few specimens which he hopes will be of interest. Cannot reach the coast in order to study algae and [Mr McAndrew] has not sent anything yet.

14) Bradford, 21 June 1887
Thanks for letter and good specimen of 'Neckera' ['pumile'], sends some more 'Fissidens rufulus', and would be glad to know if it is mixed with 'R. crassipes', as Mr. Webster and he are confused about it. His two boys, aged 10 and 11, and his girl of six occupy his time more than mosses. The two boys are very bright and intellectual, and one is an excellent draughtsman. Has to pay strict attention to business, and his income is reduced by about £2 a week on account of keen competitive prices. He takes two classes in Botany at the Technical College. Can Holmes help him to find a [palm] stem and the stem of a tree fern? Also suggests a cheap synopsis of his work on algology, without plates, and hopes someone will produce a cheap synopsis 'Hepaticarum'.

15) List of moss desiderata. [Perhaps goes with letter 17]

16) Bradford, 11 July 1887
Puzzled by the enclosed piece of FISSIDENS. Has spent many hours daily for the past 10 or 11 years on botanical study, but has never got far with lichens. [Letter with page missing]

17) Bradford, 22 September 1887
Sends 2 mosses. [Mr. Barnes] getting old. Has about 400 lichens, and many not yet examined. Can you get away four times a year to botanise. Encloses a list of some of [Lis] wants. The lichen portion of the West Riding Flora, which is nearly out, is the weakest.

18) Bradford, 11 August 1890
Glad to hear from Holmes again and offers to help in any way he can, and hopes Holmes will enjoy his visit to the West Riding. Recommends Settle as a good centre, and perhaps Skipton for one night. 'Fissidens rufulus' grows on rocks in the River Wharfe. Can direct him to 'Cinclidium stygium' and 'H. scorpioides' and 'Hypnum stellatum' and one or two others [page of letter missing]. Is working on freshwater algae nowadays.

19) Bradford, 15 November 1901
Has no record of freshwater algae for Somerset and [Gloucester]. His son, G.P. West [?] has been at Cirencester as Professor of Natural History for 2 years and says it is the worst area for algae - no ponds or marshes or [hags]. Has seen [Mr. Slater] at the British Association, and Dr. Braithwaite. Has given up his business a few years ago and is now only teaching, but is busier than ever and longs for time to get at his mosses.

20) Bradford, 26 November 1909
Thanks for letter. Shall be very grateful if Holmes can look at even a few lichens each month for him. Shall be glad when Miss Smith has finishes vol. 2 of Crombie's Lichens. Has met Martindale a long time ago, and Dixon and Nicholson.

- WHITE, CHARLES FREDERICK FLS (20 letters, some incomplete): Chertsey and Ealing, 1866-[1869] [some dates are uncertain]
1) Chertsey, 19 June 1866
Thanks for list of mosses common in his neighbourhood. Sends a few mosses. Tetraphis is to be found on decayed stumps (usually scotch firs) near Chertsey. 'Aulocomnium' ['Aulacomnium'] also frequent, but never found it in fruit. Asks for certain species, so that he can make microscopic drawings.

2) Chertsey, 26 June 1866
Thanks for box of mosses. Hopes for 'Schistostega' before the 'Calyptera' ['Calyptra'] are [shed]. Usually refers to Hooker's 'Bryologia Britannica', but also refers to Hooker's continuation (1833) of Smith's English Flora. Offers to collect mosses in winter and spring for Holmes.

3) Chertsey, 09 July 1866
Thanks for help. Has found a pretty 'Jungermannia'. Sends a box full of various mosses. Has copied on a separate sheet the list of mosses from the 'British Flora' and 'Bryologia Britannica' for Holmes to compare the systems of classification.

4) Part of a letter, undated
Interested to hear of Holmes' [conversation] and offers to send his drawings.

5) Chertsey, 03 September 1866
Thanks for packet of mosses. Has been drawing some of them, and gives his identification, with notes.

6) Chertsey, 22 September 1866
Has had the mosses recently sent by Holmes identified by the author of the 'Bryologia,' and he gives the corrections to Holmes' list. Thanks for another packet. Hopes to repay Holmes' kindness by collecting for him local mosses, now that winter rains are beginning.

7) Chertsey, 28 September 1866
Hopes to reply to Holmes' note of 20th Sept [September]. Meanwhile, in reply to his note of 25th, he returns various specimens, and sends an outline of Wilson's system of arrangement for mosses. Asks Holmes to copy and return it.

8) Chertsey, 01 October 1866
Thinks Holmes' 'Polytrichum' is 'Juniperinum'. Sends drawings and explains the magnifications. All leaves and spores are drawn at [x 200]. Asks what the small green cells enclosed in a sack are on every slide of a dissected moss.

9) Chertsey, 01 October 1866
Sorry he cannot find in his collection of dried mosses the two which Holmes wants. Gives notes on some others marked with a cross on Holmes' list, and comments on the unnecessary splitting of genera in some cases. Sends 8 drawings by [?] post for exhibition at his [Athenaeum] soirée, and hopes Holmes will excuse his vanity.

10) Chertsey, 22 October 1866
Shortage of daylight has curtailed the time he can spend with pencil and microscope. Much puzzled by some Holmes' specimens. Sends a few local specimens of his own, with notes on each (letter unfinished - page missing?).

11) Chertsey, 04 December 1866
Sends a few mosses gathered by a friend in Scotland, in July. Comments on Holmes' 'Phascum' and 'Pottia' ['Minutula'] and 'Grimmia pulvinata'. A friend has sent him a catalogue of mosses, which he wishes to compare with Wilson's.

12) Chertsey, 20 December 1866
Thanks for letter and list of mosses. Is glad of know [knowledge] of the printed lists. Will send some duplicates soon. The ['Aulocomnium'] sent earlier was gathered in the Ben Levi/Ben Lawers [area].

13) Chertsey, 11 February 1867
Thanks for letter. Hopes he has not presumed to seem to be an authority on the names of mosses, although his leisure gives him opportunities to study.

14) Chertsey, 14 March 1867
Health and bad weather have prevented progress. But will send a few dried specimens which may help Holmes until he gets better ones. Would be glad of various 'Hypna' and any of the others listed.

15) Chertsey, 27 April 1867
Thanks for ['Cinclivethus']. Wd [Would] like any specimens of 'Racomitrium', except 'R. canescens', and 'Grimmia corticulatus' and one or two others. Sends some [stamps] to recompense Holmes' expenses.

16) Chertsey, 18 May 1868
Sends 'Wulffia arliza', new to this country and found in a pond near Chertsey, among duckweed. Dr. [Braithwaite] and a friend have found 'Bauxbammia' ['Buxbammia'] - unknown in [this part]. [Note in margin says Check]

17) Chertsey, 25 May 1868
Sends a small packet of mosses. The 'Buxbammia' was found on a [north] facing slope by a ditch beside the [wood]. Above the bank [larch], spruce and Scotch fins, [gorse] and heather [page torn]. 'Turritis glabra' and 'Dianthus caesius' grown locally. [Note in margin says Check]

18) Ealing, [21] July [1873]
Thanks for parcel. Can make nothing of the yellow fungus. Has named the black one, provisionally, 'Cucurbitaria'. Believes the small yellow one to be 'Arcyria' ['Nutams']. Encloses a 'Peziza' on dead [fungi].

19) Ealing, 26 September [year not listed] from E.C. White
Will be very pleased to see Holmes and will show him his collection of Chinese ferns.

20) Ealing, 09 [January] [year not listed]
Glad to hear from Holmes and to receive the fungi. Her husband will be very glad to examine them, when he is better from his [?] ailment. Asks for the formula for Seidlitz Powder, which costs 1/6 a box. Invites Holmes for an hour on two after work. Encloses a few fungi. Thanks for plants from the Channel Islands.

- WHITE, F. BUCHANAN (1 letter): Perth, 1883
1) Postcard from Perth [PE], 22 [month not listed] 1883
Note on 'Conium' and names of people who might help.

- WHITEHEAD, JOHN (2 letters): Dukinfield (Cheshire), 1879 (Cotton operative, bryologist, 1833 - 1896)
1) Dunkinfield, Cheshire, 04 July 1879
Notes on various mosses and thanks for specimens. [Unsent?]

2) Dunkinfield, Cheshire, [undated]
Thanks for specimens and has enclosed some specimens in return.

- WILD, CHARLES JAMES FLS (3 letters): Cheetham Hill, 1878-1879 (Collector of mosses)
1) Cheetham Hill, 22 February 1878
Asks for identification of a specimen found on a decaying tree stump 10 miles from Manchester. Sends desiderata with list of mosses.

2) Cheetham Hill, 02 December 1878
Thanks for letter and 'A. turgidum'. The other mosses have not yet come. Would like any other specimens Holmes can spare and a description of 'H. canariense', which he will look for in [Buxton].

3) Cheetham Hill, 12 December 1879
Thanks for specimens. Sends capsules of 'Pottia littoralis'. Notes on 'Barbula brevirostris' and [dioscion] and synoicous inflorescences.

- WILSON, J. BRACEBRIDGE (2 letters): Geelong, 1889 and 1894 (includes species lists)
1) Geelong (C. of E. [Church of England] Grammar School), 10 May 1889
Thanks for letter. Promises to send any interesting marine algae. He corresponds with Prof. Agardh and sends many specimens to Sir F. Von Mueller, the Victorian Govt. [Government] botanist, to whom he has forwarded Homes' letter. Asks for a few specimens marked as Holmes like to have them.

2) Geelong, 12 June 1894
Thanks for fine specimens, which he has passed on [Baron] Von Mueller, who will write to Holmes direct.

2 species lists.

- WILSON, W. (3 letters): Paddington, 1867-1868 (Solicitor. Described mosses for Hookers' "Flora Antarctica")
1) Paddington (near Warrington), 05 August 1867
Notes on TRICHOSTOMUS FLAVONIUS and BARBULA INCLINATA and their similarities.

2) Paddington (near Warrington), 12 August 1867
More notes about 'Trichostomum' and thanks for packet sent by Mr Hunt. Two specimens enclosed of 'T. mutabilis' and 'Tortula vinealis'. Dissection in water under the microscope is the only safe way of identifying them.

3) Paddington, 20 October 1868
Too busy to take on any extra work. Very much against the [?] of species. Will try to supply 25.30 of Holmes' desiderata soon. Sometimes his daughter helps to sort specimens, but she is not really interested.

- WRIGHT, EDWARD PERCIVAL (23 letters): Dublin, 1885-1896
1) Trinity College Dublin, 31 January 1885
Has at last found a copy of Harvey's memoirs. If Holmes could compile a list of Harvey's phycological works from Royal Society's list, and mark his desiderata, he will try to help. Agardh's last volume describes lots of Harvey's Ceylon specimens, and Sonder and Grunow have added to knowledge on Australian specimens.

2) Trinity College Dublin, 28 October 1890
Encloses specimens of the 10 species asked for and would like them returned. Found Harvey's 'Lynglya' ['Cutlerioe'] unexpectedly.

3) Trinity College Dublin, 15 October 1890
Thanks for letter sent in September. Very sorry he cannot sort out the specimens by the date required. Many specimens borrowed and returned by Bornet and others are still in confusion, but, if Holmes can wait a few days, he will do his best. Thanks for sp. [species] of 'Monostroma' sp. [species] Always glad of gifts or exchanges, but no funds for purchases.

4) Trinity College Dublin, 02 November 1890
Just received letter of [28th] Oct. Permits Holmes to detach small portions of the algae species for mounting, and hopes that Bornet & Gomont may also have small pieces, so that all 3 collections will benefit. Will be able to send most of the genera on Holmes' list and would like in return new British specimens. Müller, Agardh, Curnow [Grunow?] and Farlow have helped greatly.

5) Trinity College Dublin, 08 November 1890
Thanks for letter and several interesting specimens. Encloses 2 specimens of ['Spriulina ? Hutchinsii'] from Cumbrae (11.8.52).

6) Trinity College Dublin, 18 November 1890
Many thanks for letter and valuable gift to the [Herbarium]. Wants to send Holmes a [namedset], authenticated, and this has caused the delay in returning Holmes' kindness.

7) Trinity College Dublin, 25 November 1890
At last sends some of the Algae wanted by Holmes, and sorry they are so few, [since] of his desiderata were rare or unknown to him. Most of them have Harvey's localities on them in his handwriting.

8) Trinity College Dublin, 11 May 1891
Does not want a controversy with the Director Kew. Most of Griffith's collection sent to [Berkely] are in the Trinity College Dublin Herbarium.

9) Trinity College Dublin, 17 June 1891
Determined to send his [type] specimen and the mounted fragment of 'Ectocarpus fenestratus' to his old friend, Dr. Bornet, whose health is not good.

10) Trinity College Dublin, 29 [January] 1891
Thanks for reprint of the revised catalogue of British Algae, which seems admirable. Also thanks for new algae. Not forgetting Holmes' desiderata.

11) Devon and Exeter Institute, 17 November 1891
Has compared 'Ectocarpus fenestratus' with Mr Griffith's specimen found in "bathing Cove, Torquay" and with the figure in Phycologia Britannica. Does not know any collection of algae in the country.

12) Trinity College Dublin, 11 December 1891
Has not heard from Bornet yet, so is now sending to Holmes a specimen of 'Conferva tortuosa'. Gives Harvey's and Mr Griffith's notes on it.

13) Trinity College Dublin, 16 October 1893
Has just received Holmes' note of Aug [August] 5th, but not Fascicule VI of 'Algae Britannicae'.

14) (See above)
List (typed) of Algae received by Holmes from Wright.

15) Trinity College Dublin, 17 November 1893
Thanks for letter of Nov [November] 11th, only just received. Offers a room in case Holmes is coming for the meeting of the Museum Association, under the same roof as his own and herbarium.

16) Trinity College Dublin, 22 November 1893
Glad that Holmes may visit next year. 'Gymnogongrus japonicus' is a species of ['Surinoer ?'].

17) Trinity College Dublin, 05 June 1894
Hopes to have Holmes as his guest during the Museum Association meeting, in time for dinner on the Monday or breakfast on the Tuesday.

18) Trinity College Dublin, 06 July 1894
Crossing to London tonight on his way to Aix-les-Bains, and bringing a bundle of Algae for Holmes.

19) Trinity College Dublin, 17 November 1894
Many thanks for the donation of his 7th Fascicule. Will send a copy of Harvey's description of the 54 new species. He has a complete set of Harvey's type of Japanese algae. Has a good time in the Pyrenees, mostly on the Spanish side.

20) Trinity College Dublin, 27 June 1895
His long silence due to illness and [areas] of work. Ref. [References] Holmes' letter of 21st Nov. [November] 94. [1894], he describes his collections of Hong Kong, Korea, Japanese and New Zealand algae and the difficulties of picking out, single handed, specimens to send to Holmes. But if Holmes can send some algae to compare, he will do his best after lecture are over in about 7 weeks.

21) Trinity College Dublin, 13 February 1896
Will look at some specimens next Wed. [Wednesday], a holy day. Has been terribly busy with working Schutz's article.

22) Reform Club, Pall Mall, 27 March 1896
Has to visit Reigate and Netley and H.M. Treasury about the Royal [?] Academy, so no time to see Holmes at home, but will try to visit the British Museum.

23) Trinity College Dublin, 05 March 1896
Thanks for letter and for part 8 of Alg. Brit. [Algae Britannicae]. Answers his various queries and sends a morsel of the new 'Psilothallia' [missing].
Date1866 - 1909
Extent1 folder
Notes"Desiderata" means things wanted/needed.
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