Ref NoMS/235/16
DescriptionCorrespondence of E.M. Holmes and individuals with the surname beginning with T. Details of the author, number of letters, place of writing and dates are listed below:

- TELLAM, RICHARD VERCOE (56 letters): Tregawne, Bodmin and Wadebridge, 1873-1905 [1826-1908, active 1872 -1897]
1) Tregawne ["Tregawn" appears in his letters], Withiel, Cornwall 15 July 1873
Thanks for interesting parcel. The 'Seligeria' appears to be rare. Has not done much botanical work recently, but would like to go with Holmes to the Lizard, possibly with Mr Carnack [?], who has found 'Juncus capitatus' near Helston. List of desiderata enclosed (mosses).

2) Tregawne, 10 December 1874
Sends a few things for Holmes to look at. Could not find any spores on the parasite on 'Pertusaria multipunctata' (lichen) but did find 'Sphinctrina' sp. growing on 'Pertusaria communis'. His wife staying at Saltash with her sister, whose child of 11 is very ill.

3) Part of a letter; first page missing
Invites Holmes to stay with him and gives advice on route. Mr (William) Curnow spent three days with him in July.

4) Tregawne, 21 December 1874
Very sorry he cannot join Holmes next week. Has found 'Biatorina' on a wall near Plymstock (Devon). Suggests a likely spot for 'Collemas', on hilly ground with stone hedges and limestone outcrops. (James Mascall Morrison) Crombie has sent identification of his plants: some confusion between 'Graphis' sp. and 'Opegrapha' - a species not described in (William Allport) Leighton's book. Encloses 'G. lyellia'.

5) Tregawne, 11 February 1875
Gives notes on a 'Collema'. Sends some more for determination by someone else. Some 'Parmelia olivacea' from the tops of trees cut down at Bosneives (Farm) enclosed. Also 'Stictina scrobiculata' in fruit. Has sent over 200 specimens to Mr Crombie, but has not had identifications from him yet.

6) Tregawne, 31 March 1875
Sends some 'Leptogium schraderi' and asks for help in determining some other lichens. Will visit St. Minver again when it has rained, as he is sure there are good things to be found. Wishes he could have been with Holmes in the New Forest. Asks for a specimen of 'Lecidea rosella' if possible.

7) Tregawne, 30 March 1876
Apologises for the delay in correspondence, but has not found many algae yet, and is not sure what to send. Gives localities where he found some specimens enclosed. Has found no new lichens this season, which has been icy, wet and cold. Had a letter from Mr (John) Ralfs and from Mr Cranach (?) last week, and they are going with Mr (William) Curnow to the Scillies at the end of April. Mr Ralfs is making as complete a list as possible of flowering plants in West Cornwall.

8) Tregawne, 29 April 1876
Thanks for mosses. Encloses some algae from the marsh.

9) Bodmin, 16 November 1882
Thanks for 'Phyllophora nicansis', which he returns and hopes to find in Cornwall. Sends some 'Nitophyllum Reptens' and 'Melobesia' on a limpet shell, without spores. Has observed that two or three shoots appear on the buttons found on the rocks, which later develop into long seed vessels. Encloses two.

10) Bodmin, 10 March 1883
Found some 'Callithamnium' on rocks at Pridmouth near Fowey, which does not agree with the description in the Gatting's book and which he would be glad to have identified. Asks for information on the fruiting habits of 'Laminaria'. Has a bad cold, so cannot enjoy the high tides this week. Mr Ralfs is busy with fungi and preparing papers for the Penzance Natural History Society.

11) Bodmin, 07 July 1873
Encloses a 'Calothrix' found on the landing at Rock St. Minver and would like a determination.

12) Bodmin, 05 September 1883
Sends some 'Codium amphibium' from Pridmouth, Went to Fowey yesterday, but found nothing of interest after the severe gales, except 'Ectocarpus reptans' growing on a coralline in a rock pond. Did Holmes find anything at the Ladies Bathing Place at Ilfracombe or at Sidmouth? Has he determined the 'Polysiphonia' found at Falmouth yet?

13) Bodmin, 11 February 1884
Notes on 'Polysiphonia' and 'Gracilaria' from Trebetherick. Ask for information of various plants. Hopes to visit Bude this summer. Thinks he found 'Gigartina pistillata' at Trevone and large patches of 'Phyllophora palmetloides'.

14) Bodmin, 28 March 1884
Sends two lichens from Endellion for identification. Invites Mr and Mrs Holmes to stay and look for lichens. Notes on 'Ectocarpus' on 'Codium tomentosum'.

15) Bodmin, 22 May 1884
Thanks for algae and information. Encloses some specimens, inc. [including] 'Polysiphonia'. Hopes to visit Padstow on Falmouth next week.

16) Bodmin, 29 May 1884
Went to Falmouth but did not find much, except 'Cattarin multifida' in the Docks and 'Sphacelaria pseudo plumosa' growing on stems amongst the 'Zostera'. Is this the same as Holmes found at Weymouth? Says he cannot recommend any good, clean, trustworthy servant.

17) Bodmin, 16 June 1884
Encloses some 'Polysiphonias' from Fowey on the muddy shore of the harbour and a lichen which he thinks is 'Verrucaria' [sp.] Not been very successful this year but hopes to find things at Penzance next week. The Cornwall Royal Agricultural Show is to be held at Bodmin next Wed [Wednesday] and Thurs [Thursday].

18) Bodmin, 15 July 1884
Found hardly anything at Trevose and St Minvir, but sends some 'Callithamnion turneri' and 'Callithamnion byssoides', and some 'Polysiphonias' and 'Ectocarpus'. Going to Land's End and Porthcurno with the Penzance Natural History Society. Reminds Holmes of the Cornius like tree they found at Falmouth, which is 'Benthamia fragifera', from the Himalayas.

19) Bodmin, 02 August 1884
Sends some Algae found on a granite rock by St Michael's Mount, and would like it identified. Mr Ralfs is very pleased with Holmes' parcel of lichens. [Letter unfinished - page missing] [Note and drawing added on 'Ectocarpus'].

20) Bodmin, 11 November 1884
Thanks for algae and drawings of 'Cladophora'. Thinks he has found 'Cladophora pholifera', like the one Holmes sent to Weymouth. Describes water species from Porthcurno. Found nothing interesting at Panzance, where it was wild and wet. [Mr Masquand?] and [Mr Tregellis?] dredged a new species of 'Carpomitra cabrera', but only kept a small piece. Sends 'Sphacelaria pseudo plumosa' and 'Ectocarpus'. Found 'Microcadia glandulosa' at Pridmouth in October.

21) Bodmin, 02 February 1885
Thanks for card received at Plymouth. Could not do anything as he caught a chill on the kidneys. Asks where do 'Peysonella dubyi' come from. Will defer visiting Penzance until later.

22) Bodmin, 02 March 1885
Sends a small piece of 'Lam. flexicaulis' with an 'Ectocarpus' and wonders if it's anything new.

23) Bodmin, 05 March 1885
Sends two specimens of 'Ectocarpus'. Will take Holmes' second 'Fasciculus' and gives a list of species. Did not go to Padstow, as it was very wet and he had a cold.

24) Bodmin, 20 March 1885
Encloses a 'Vaucheria' found at Falmouth Docks near low water mark. Is it 'V. marina'?

25) Bodmin, 23 March 1885
Offers help in Holmes's application for Chair of Botany at Glasgow. Know the M.P. for Bodmin and Foreign Secretary, Hon. Levison Gower. Does not think the 'Vaucheria' was 'Marina' or 'Dichotoma'. It was too flaccid to stand erect.

26) Bodmin, 05 September 1885
Thanks for picric acid and asks for 'Callithamnias' to be sent to Dr. Bornel. "Mr Tregellis dredged a curious form of 'Cystoseira' from deep water near Penlee Point, Newlyn." Hopes to visit Land's End.

27) Bodmin, 16 September 1885
Thanks for prescription for diahorrea. Much better now. Sends a 'Vaucheria' from Wadebridge, and what seems to be an 'Oscillatoria'.

28) Bodmin, 22 June 1886
Sends some slides for identification, with descriptions.

29) Bodmin, 23 December 1886
Asks for advice on the best book to order on Algae. Has Mr Ralf's Desmidea and wonders about Cooks' illustrated book. Asks how Holmes likes his new house. Mr Manquand has moved to Stancross, Devon. Mr Carrows in financial difficulty but intends to stay in his house and not work on the land may move.

30) Bodmin, 28 March 1887
Saw Mr Ralfs in Feb, and he is missing Mr Carrows and Mr Manquand, (who has moved), and Mr Magor (deceased). Is also very deaf, so it is hard for him to talk to people. Suggests that Holmes asks him to do life of Carrows. Thinks of joining the Linnean Society, and wonders if he could become a fellow. Would like 'Parmelia ambiguia' and 'Floerkeanum' and various 'Cladomias'.

31) Bodmin, 27 May 1887
Had a good day at Fowey and found 'Leirospora griffithsiama' and perhaps 'Callithamnion tenuissimum'. Thinks Fowey must yield a number of interesting things, as there is a large bed of 'Zosteria'.

32) Bodmin, 20 February 1888
Thanks for algae. Glad to have 'Leirospora griffithsiama' confirmed. Will examine 'Sphacelaria' to try and find the new species. Snow and ice came through have kept him indoors. Trying to get his mosses into order and asks Holmes for help in completing his lists. Offers to send shells. Asks what scope of Holmes's work is on algae. Is Dr Braithwaite going to publish a number of the second volume of his moss flora soon?

33) Bodmin, 05 April 1888
Asks for a copy of Holmes's list of marine algae when published and his next fascicle of marine algae. Was ill during Feb. [February] and March. Any news of Dr Braithwaite's British moss-flora? Asks for a specimen of 'Fissiders rivularis' for the Wesley Scientific Society, and various other species of 'Fissiders'.

34) Bodmin, 08 January 1889
Sends two specimens from Penzance. Asks for the address of Mr Butlers, in order to thank him for a description 'A Description of These Marine Algae'. Notes various points about the species of 'Ectocarpus', Ralfsia etc found by him. Has been helping Mr Teague, an enthusiastic student of algae. Mr Ralfs sight but not his hearing is better.

35) Bodmin, 11 January 1889
Sends some 'Peysonella' from Mousehole, which neither different form some found on the Battery Rocks, Penzance. Hopes to find some interesting algae at Pridmouth and 'Hapalidium hildebrandtioides' for Holmes.

36) Bodmin, 17 January 1889
Holmes's letter came too late for him to get 'Rhodomela subfusca' at Pridmouth. Wind very strong and the tide didn't recede enough to recover all he wanted. Would be glad to have Holmes's views on the weeds found at Penzance. Will look out for fantastic algae and hopes to visit Padstow and Falmouth. Refers to a paper made by Mr Teague. Would be glad to have some 'Hypnum abbreviatum'.

37) Bodmin, 09 February 1889
Does not know of new genus and species in Bodmin, but will send by fascinating algae from Padstow. Sends a few specimens - a Ralfsia on a limpet, and an 'Ectocarpus' and possibly a 'Peysonella'.

38) Bodmin, 25 February 1889
Sends a specimen growing on a limpet, which is like a 'Bangia'.

39) Bodmin, 26 February 1889
Accepts Holmes's offer to copy Harvey's account of the 'Crouanias'. Sends a 'Peysonella dubyi'. Lists various species apparently not found in Cornwell and asks for information on 'Pylaiella' and 'Haematophloea'.

40) Bodmin, 04 March 1889
Sends an 'Ectocarpus' found on the west side Par, which he has named 'E. uncinatus'. Wonders if 'Haematophloea crouani' is connected.

41) Bodmin, 06 March 1889
Sends specimens from the rocks west of Par one of which he has named 'Oscillatoria spiralis'.

42) Bodmin, 03 May 1889
Sends some 'Pottia littoralris' from Egloshayle - never found before in Cornwall, he believes. Sorry to have missed Holmes in London the other day.

43) Bodmin, 28 May 1890
Has sent several mosses but of some he has no duplicates. Would like specimens of 'Sphaerangium triquetrum' and will lists his other desiderata, inc. [including] 'Grimmia muehlenbeckia'. Encloses a 'Grimmia' (not 'Pulvinata') from the 'Lizard'.

44) Bodmin, 19 December 1890
Sends some 'Laminaria' from Land's End for Holmes to examine. Has done little last year on account of the illness and death of his wife's sister and his brother's illness and his wife's illness. His niece was ill too, and his brothers in -law had finally to be put in the lunatic asylum. He's received Holmes's last fascicle and notes several new genus. Hopes to do more work on more obscure species soon, but finds it difficult to get some of them home safely and to keep them for observation.

45) Bodmin, 23 January 1891
Thanks for box of mosses and lichens. Weather too cold for any work recently, but last spring found 'Sphaerophoron compressum' fruiting on Roche Rock. Hopes to come to London this spring.

46) Bodmin, 03 February 1891
Asks for a letter to be forwarded to Mr Butters. Thanks for the revised copy of British Marine Algae and looks forward to the new handbook of British Marine Algae. Weather has been too cold for his throat, but he hopes to visit Pridmouth, Powey and Padstow.

47) Bodmin, 29 May 1891
Has done no work on seaweeds this year, as the weather has been very cold. But he has found some mosses, including 'Fissidens polyphyllus'. Very puzzled by the 'Ulota' enclosed, and would like an opinion on it. Hopes to find 'Grimmia muehlenbeckia' and other uncommon mosses.

48) Bodmin, 27 December 1893
Thanks for Christmas wishes. Is at present a complete invalid from "colic of the head" and angina pectoris so could not walk in search for 'Ectocarpi'.

49) Bodmin, 16 October 1896
Sending specimens of 'Physospermum cornubiense' from Dunmere Wood near Bodmin in August 1894. Sends his desiderata. He's not done much botany recently, but has been interested in 'Lepidoptera'. Looked up Mr Manquand in Richmond without success.

50) Bodmin, 17 November 1896
Thanks for mosses. Quotes an article from the Naturalists Journal what 'Amblystegium fallax' found in 1895 by Holmes. Sorry that Holmes has been unwell he himself is much better though still getting angina. His wife, now nearly 70, is well.

51) Bodmin, 26 October 1898
Sends a root of 'Physospermum cornubiense' from Dunmere Wood and gives instructions about its cultivation. Has not heard from Mr Howell about mosses.

52) Bodmin, 21 October 1902
Sends list of Cornish mosses published by the Penzance Natural History Society. Suggests that Mr Heawood might write out Mr Ralf's list of fungi. Asks for address of Mr Groves.

53) Wadebridge, 12 December 1902
Just moved to Wadebridge

54) Wadebridge, 31 December 1904
Thanks for good wishes. Says that Holmes is unwell. Has had muscular rheumatism from January to May this year, and could not dress or undress unaided. Does not know anyone who could dredge 'Lithothamnion fasciculatum'. Found a few plants at Looe from Mr Davey's Cornish Flora. What price could Holmes get for the 8 [fascicule] which he owns?

55) Wadebridge, 06 March 1906
Sending a few fungi from Hay Wood and 'Grimmia montana' for confirmation. January & February have been very stormy but today he saw two Brimstone Butterflies and it may have been too warm for the fruit trees.

56) Wadebridge, 08 March 1905
Thanks for letter of 'Tortula gracilis'. The sea winds reminds him of many pleasant rambles on the coast. Rheumatism much better than last year, as is his angina but his eyes are worse. Notes about various finds locally.

- TINDALL, ELLA (2 letters): Boscastle and Leighton Buzzard [1850 - 1928]
1) Boscastle, 02 April [No Year Shown]
Sends a scrap of 'Riccia' from Trebarwith. Sorry she could not call on Holmes. Found 'Fossombronia angulosa' at Morvah and 'Cephalozia jackii' and 'Cephalozia dentata' at Carbis Bay. Mr Tellam and Mr Dixon have been very helpful about localities.

2) Leighton Buzzard, 17 July [No Year Shown]
Has succeeded in growing some 'Riccia', and sends a piece, just coming into fruit. Thinks it is 'R. glaucescens'. Can offer specimens of 'Ceph.' ['Cephalozia'] 'jackii' and 'Ceph.' ['Cephalozia'] 'Dentata'.

- TOCHER, J. F. (1 letter): Peterhead, 1892
1) Peterhead, 15 July 1892
Thanks for note about 'Mycelium'. Does not know of any algologist in Peterhead. Gives address of Rev. 'Yuill' in Aberdeen.

- TONI, G,B, DE (1 letter): Paduoe [Padua] Italy, 1896.
1) Université de Padoue, Italy, 03 April 1896 [N.B. In French]
Thanks and praise for Holmes's 'New Marine Algae.' Asks Holmes, as a new member of the Linnean Society, to see if the Society could award a gold medal for his work ['Syllage Alga....'?].

- TOWNSEND. F. (1 letter): Arisaig (Fort William), 1899
1) Arisaig, Fort William, 21 May 1899
Would like an account of the algal flora of the coast of [Hants?] and the freshwater algal flora.

- TRAILL, GEORGE W. (110 letters, some incomplete, including postcards): Portobello, Edinburgh, Joppa (Midlothian), Earlsferry, Dunbar and Cupar (Fife): 1883-1896
1) Portobello, 04 March 1883
Notes on a letter from Anderson, which he encloses. Is moving to Joppa and hopes to have plenty of time for collecting, as he knows no one there. Asks for information about a number of species in the Firth of Forth and how they compare with the [Clyde] specimens.

2) Edinburgh, 02 April 1883
Cough troublesome. Mentions Dr Pollexfem and Dr Clouston and Mr Croall (gentlemanly and well informed). Mr Kidston needs an elementary book while writing for Holmes's book. Thanks for specimen of 'Gym. norveg' in fruit.

3) Edinburgh, 30 May 1883
Send some 'Porhyra' form Joppa and notes on various species of 'Porphyra'.

4) Edinburgh, 01 July 1883
Sends 'H. lorea' from Dunbar. Tired after mounting about 50 plants from Dunbar. Has fruit on 'Phyll. traillii' gathered in 1881. Has over 1000 plants to come and arrange for the F. Church College Museum, from Roundstone and the west coast, some collected by Landsborough.

5) Joppa, 30 September 1883
Has sent a packet of algae. Has been to Braemar, Balmoral and climbed Lochnagar (3,700 ft.). Regretted he was not a botanist for the alpine plants. There was snow even in August and the Alpine club, to the aristocracy and gentry staying in The Invercauld Arms. Drinking was 'the order of the day'. Also stayed with his wife and family near Aberdeen, practising violin and piano duets and collecting seaweeds.

6) Edinburgh, 22 October 1883
Thanks for Postcard and awaits letter. Has just sent off 200 specimens of British algae in exchange for North American specimens. Henderson has very little new in his collection. Has failed to find some low water species of 'Zoophyta', in which Agardh and Bonnet are interested. Notes on 'Cal. scopulorum' and their views on his specimens. Sends a few to Holmes.

7) Joppa, 02 January 1884
Sends a few specimens from St Andrews, mostly found from half tide to high water, all rather different from Joppa plants.

8) Edinburgh, 01 May 1884
Sends a pamphlet about the island of Inchkeith which has been fitted up with ['Aquania'] under the charge of a botanist Mr Rattray to whom he (Traill) is handing over all his notes of localities, time of fruiting, lists of parasites and host plants, is in charge of the venture and Traill wishes to help them as much as possible. Has suggested Holmes as a source of information to. Mr Menifield. Amazed at the change of colour of 'Porph. linearis' from brown to purple when wet. Wants to buy Botanical screw presses.

9) Edinburgh, 08 September 1884
Sends some Earlsferry specimens and notes. Took Rattray out for a scramble over the rocks and, with a spoon strapped to a 20ft pole they scraped diatom material of the roof of caves at Kilcraig and algae from several deep pools. Found 'Call. gracilhimum', which is new to Scotland. Mr Battes and Mr Hendesaw have got very good specimens of 'Call. plumula' in their quarry by the 'Ark'.

10) Edinburgh, 18 September 1884
Has visited Earlsferry again with Hon. D. Anbathnot and a specially prepared scrape for collecting diatoms. Now knows the contents of the pool. More notes on 'Callithamnion' species, all on the rock in the shade. Spoilt several plants by putting them in methylated spirits. Mr Anbathnot has found several rarities in bathes of mud, using his travelling microscope from Chapel Ness. Mr Anthony is to get help from a diatomist. Traill found 68 species in the pool, (Nearly 1/3 of the known species in the Firth of Forth) at Kilcraig. Mr Collins of Malden has found 'Phyll. trailli' on his coast and wonders if Holmes has written a paper on it.

11) Edinburgh, 28 September 1884
Thanks for the letter with news of [rarities] found. Sends 29 species of 'Lyng lutea fusca', of poor quality, for which he will not accept payment. Quotes from a letter from Mrs Merrifield about 'C. pluma'.

12) Edinburgh, 14 October 1884
Sends a puzzling species of 'Callithamnium'. Does he need another specimen of 'Lyng lutea fusca'?

13) Edinburgh, 16 November 1884
Has found a species of 'Callithamnium' parasitical on 'Corallina officinalis'. Various notes on other species and offers to collect more specimens. The Hon. D. Anbathnot is doing good work on the diatoms from Earlsferry.

14) Edinburgh, 21 November 1884
Thanks for the 'Gigartina' and for examining the algae. Notes on a 'Cladophora', possible 'Arct.', which is quite distinct from 'C. centralis', which always grows in pools, never on rocks. Thanks for invitation to spend Christmas with Holmes, but he gets only 1 days holiday. Mr Hendesaw is working well on the challenge crustaceans.

15) Joppa, 21 December 1884
Sends 'Sphacelaria plumigera', fresh in a box, and fragments of 'Porphyras' on Mica and on another piece of Mica some species which might be 'P. linearis'. Mr Battens wants Mr Hendesaw's address in London. Mr Battens says that Holmes will review Triall's monograph on the Firth of Forth algae, for which he will have to charge 5 per copy. Mrs Merrifield also promises a review in 'Nature'.

16) Joppa, 28 December 1884
Notes and 'Polysiphonia' and 'Rhizoclonium riparium'. Hon. D. Anbathnot is preparing slides of all the diatoms found and is giving him a complete set for Christmas and a good new microscope. Sends a slide for identification and asks for advice on mounting algae. Added note: 158 Firth of Forth species do not seek shade, 33 seek shade and 10 only seek shade if dry at ebb-tide.

17) Joppa, 11 January 1885
Thanks for the review and criticisms. He will correct the errors by hand. Various notes on 'Call. scopulorum', 'Clad centralis', 'Dictyosiphon foenis' and 'Phyllophora trallii' [letter unfinished - page missing?].

18) Edinburgh, 20 January 1885
Thanks for money order. Asks about the slides made by D. Anbathnot and the algae growing with 'Dist mesogloia' [SP?]. Will send 'Symphorea harv.', which needs the mud washed out of it. Very little 'Vaucheria' left at Joppa now. Will have to spend the next month s until the end of August collecting algae for commercial purposes. He still needs 400/500 to complete his monograph.

19) Joppa, [day not listed] February 1885
Ill with a feverish cold, so has been unable to collect. Mr Rattray very busy writing a paper for the Royal Society, but he came last night to show his fruit on an 'Ectocarpus'. The water in the [quarry] is brackish and many degrees higher than the sea. Describes the fruiting process of the 'Ectocarpus'. Hopes Mr Rattray has done adequate research for his paper. Does not feel he can ask his niece about her late husband's collections [Dr Clouston], but will ask his brother. Rev. Pollexfen's collection is much better. Knows no one in Thrush, but suggests writing to Mr Hendesow about various specimens. Advises Loch-Na-Gar (3,800ft) for alpine flowers but it is 40/50 miles from the sea at Aberdeen. Suggests that Prof. Trail of Aberdeen could advise. Suggests the [Cromarty] Forth for algae on [?]. Notes on the density of the waters of the Firth of Forth and comparisons with the algae from Falmouth.

20) Joppa, 07 February 1885
Thanks for notice in the Journal of Botany. Asks if Holmes recommends [glycerine] for mounting algae. Mr Hendesow advises acetic acid 2%.

21) Joppa, 15 February 1885
Mr Anbathnot has offered to mount algae for him and wants advice on the best medium. Weather's freezing, but has found a little brown 'Ectocampus' for identification.

22) Joppa, 22 February 1885
Searched for 'Vaucheria' again today without success. Could he find 'Callithanmium' with [tetaspoics] in a strange position?

[unumbered] [No address or date]
Loose drawing with label "170 [di]." [Could be from 22 or 23].

23) Edinburgh, 13 March 1885
Tide too high on 1st March to collect 'Sphacelaria' or 'Call. strictum'. Got a very bad chill last time he went out and an [ulcerated] sore throat, possibly caused by the sewers. Offers a slide of 'Ect. littoralis'. Holmes' telegram to Prof. Dickson was not in time to stop him from sending his paper with all its mistakes, and it will not be published until corrected. Severe condemnation of Rattray, his arrogance, foolishness and failure to acknowledge the help he has had from others, and his mistakes (letter unfinished).

24) Joppa, 13 March 1885
Sends 'Prasiola' and 'Call. floridulum'. Has been very weak with a pulse of 95.

25) Edinburgh, 19 March 1885
Has had a very low fever, which prevented him from collecting during the low tides. Hopes Holmes found true 'Cystocarpa' on the 'R. Palmata'. H. Flahault has offered to send a collection of Mediterranean algae. His own book has been ordered by a German, thanks to Holmes' notice. Regrets that Holmes did not get the Museum chair [of botany?].

26) Joppa, 24 March 1885
Sorry not to be able to get ['Cyrtocarps'] until the summer. Fluhhalt has written a pamphlet on mounting algae, so his specimens should be good. He will collect 'Call. strictum' whenever suitable. Encloses a letter from D. Arbuthnot explaining why he cannot help Holmes. The drawings enclosed of 'Vaucheria' and 'Call. polyspermum'.

27) Edinburgh, 08 April 1885
Sends fragments of 'R. Palmata'. Has not found much for a long time. M. Flahault seems to be an invalid so it may be a long time before the Med. [Mediterranean] algae arrive. Has heard that Prof. [McMah] of Dublin may get the Glasgow chain. Holmes deserves a good chain.

28) Edinburgh, 13 April 1885
Sorry there were no spores on specimens sent a few days ago. Now sends a box of slides, but could not send 'Vaucheria', because Mr. A. got his specimens mixed, but he is not complaining as Mr. A. has sent him 80 beautiful slides of winter fruit on Joppa algae.

29) Joppa, 23 April 1885
Sends an alga found at high water mark growing in the shade near the Scottish marine station. Would like an opinion on it. Has received a small collection from Flahault of Med. [Mediterranean] algae, which are very like Scottish ones. Annoyed that Mr. Ramsay and Dr. B.M. [Burn-Burdoch] bottled some fine specimens recently, but allowed most of them to go bad! What good elementary work could B.M. do?

30) Edinburgh, 30 April 1885
Surprised to find the plant was 'Sphaceleria radicans'. Plants normally called 'Radicans' must really be 'Olivacia', he supposes. Will try to get fruit. Dr. Murdoch is lining a boat, despite the dangers, and will try to collect some more plants. He was a pupil of M. Flahault and seems likely to do well. He has some well-mounted plants from the Gulf of Lyons, similar to common British ones. Mr. Arbuthnot could see no spores on any of the 'R. palmata'. He will stay a few days in Joppa.

[unumbered] [No address or date]
Desiderata list. [Could be from 30 or 31].

31) Edinburgh, 04 May 1885
Sends a sketch of 'Vaucheria' with fruit. Has been unable to get any 'Clad. centralis', which has been inadvertently eradicated. Sorry about the chain of Botany at Glasgow being filled.

32) Edinburgh, 22 June 1885
Asks for return of his slide with minute circular algae from the peat moss at Arbuthnott. Has found very little worth keeping this year, except a curious dinton in the withered tips of 'Clad. laetivirens'. Dr. Murdoch too busy with his students to study the algae, unfortunately. Dr. Henderson has left the Challenger Office to become Professor of Natural History at [?] at the age of 22.

33) Earlsferry, 28 August 1885
Thanks for letter. Found no trace of fruit on his 'Sph. scoparia', but has found a good locality for it, even though it is very rare so far North. Otherwise, and apart from mounting 85 slides, his time has been wasted. Dunbar would have been better but his family dislike it. Found some good dintons in brackish pools, and is helping Dr Arbuthnott with them.

34) Earlsferry, 21 August 1885
N.B. The date of the previous letter is after this letter.
Finds scrambling over rocks more trying than formerly. Has not found much, except a good locality for 'Sphacelaria scoparia', previously almost unknown in the Firth of Forth [estuary]. Found 60-80 small tufts, all in clear water about 2-3ft. deep, none parasitic and with only one parasite - 'Sph. cirrhosa' - on a plant. In Joppa he found 'Conferva littorea', new to the Firth of Forth, and very conspicuous. Gives detailed description of it and of 'Call. corymbosum', also from Joppa and found in a clean, fresh-water stream. Dr. Arbuthnott coming too to study dintons.

35) Edinburgh, 14 September 1885
Found another pool of 'Sph. scoparia'. Sends [4] slides. Comments on picric acid as a mounting medium. Seen no 'Vaucheria' since his return. The second week with Dr. Arbuthnott was very successful and they found many rare and beautiful dintons.

36) Edinburgh, 21 September 1885
Received Holmes' two letters. Went to Elie, but found nowhere to sleep. No 'Cladophora' to be found. Sends one of his previous slides, but will look at Greville's Herbarium on Saturday. Sending a slide of 'Calothrix confervicola' in picric acid, which will need a ring of gold size in 2 weeks and one of sulphate in 3 weeks thereafter. Mentions various other species found this year. Can't afford to go to Elie too often, but may do so in December. Asks what the parasites are on the specimen enclosed.

37) Edinburgh, 27 September 1885
Thinks his specimen was 'C. crystallina' [marginal note by possibly Holmes says "No"]. Sends a scraping of the plant and a little 'Conf. littorea', with the sanction of Dr. McFarlane. He sent some interesting dintons to Dr. Arbuthnott for mounting, as he cannot boil acids here with children about.

38) Edinburgh, 31 October 1885
Has asked Dr. [Disney] to send fruits of 'Sph. scoparia', which is abundant where he lives. Notes on 'Psh. fibrillosa'. Still looking out for 'Vaucheria'. Sends ['Distysiphons'] from shallow pools on rock and describes their habitat [Page missing from letter].

39) Edinburgh, 01 December 1885
The slide is clearly a dinton, so no need to bother further. If Holmes visits at Christmas, Traill will cancel his visit to Elie for 'Sph. scoparia' on 1st January. Rattray has sailed in search of dinton deposits. Sends some 'Call. floccosum' given him by Mr Murray in exchange for plants collected by him for the Maritime Station. Has had some plants from Rhode Island. Found no 'Vaucheria' last Sunday.

40) Joppa, 16 December 1885
Mr Disney has just sent some specimens which he encloses. Has been in bed with a bilious attack. Gives account of a medium for red algae passed on to him by Prof. Flahault.

41) Edinburgh, 05 January 1886
Thanks for card. Has been staying with Rev. Pollexfen, now aged 72 and still in good health, in the N. Riding. He has a splendid set of 450 specimens from Harvey, and he spent 3 days going through the Orkney ones looking for new species. Sends list of these, and notes and sketches.

42) Edinburgh, 12 January 1886
Is sure that Rev. Pollexfen would not sell his Cape algae, but would probably let Holmes see some of the rarer species. He has sent one or two to Agardh. Has refused Dr. Cleghorn's invitation to join the Botanical Society, as there are almost no papers on algae. Where can he get Rahenhoost's "Kryptogramma flora von Deutschland", and is there any other modern book he should get.

43) Edinburgh, 27 January 1886
Sends notes on a species of Dasya from Orkney. Mr Pollexfen thinks Rousay is the best island for sea-weeds, washed as it is by a strong Atlantic current of 8 mph, often with a very heavy surf. Suggests 2/3 weeks there with Holmes, if they could find accommodation.

44) Edinburgh, 25 February 1886
Thanks for letter and packet and opinion on the specimens. May be able to send some 'Furcellaria'. Has a collection of Californian and Massachusetts algae. Notes on various species. Thanks for prescription for Mary, whose doctor has advised her not to visit St. Andrews as it is so cold nor to go to parties or dances etc. She cannot walk far and has attacks of vomiting, sleeps 8.5 hours a night, and her pupils are dilated. Gives symptoms of a disorder he used to have, and which Rev. Pollexfen's doctor says is due to a weak heart. Will send his desiderata soon, but just now he is working at figures until late each night, in order to earn extra pay, and his eyes are tired.

45) Edinburgh, 15 March 1886
Sends 'Nitophylla' ['unculatum'] specimen for Holmes to mount and draw. Would like to know if there are two species involves, 'N. laceratum' and 'N. unculatum'. Notes of Greville quoted on 'Furcellaria fastigiata' and its reproductive process, which makes the plant look as if it had been eaten off. Has met a new algae man in Portobello, who still has a lot to learn.

46) Edinburgh, 01 April 1886 (Card)
Is giving a paper to the Botanical Society and needs help with the [authorities] for the new names enclosed. Pollexfen's daughter is very ill with rheumatic fever: she is married to an Edinburgh lawyer. His own daughter, Mary, is not improving much in St. Andrews. Asks for 'Codium bursa'.

47) Joppa, 09 May 1886
Encloses a paper and asks for connections. Feels 'knocked up' with overwork, due to the chief accountant's illness just at the time of the balancing up which happens every fifth year. Mrs Traill and the two youngest are still at Elie. The daughter who keeps house for him is not very well, so she has tried Holmes' prescription, but shows no improvement after a week. Dr Pollexfen unwell. Is meeting an optician who is going to study algae. Dr Arbuthnott has given him a 'complete microscopic lamp'.

48) Edinburgh, 26 June 1886
Sends a 'Cladophora' ['Centralis'] in whisky and in sea-water. It has disappeared from its pool in Joppa, but one plant is now back at a distance from its previous place. Failed to mount it on slides. Will give the Appin algologist Holmes' information. New notes on various species.

49) Joppa, 16 July 1886
Has found large tetra spores on 'Rhody. palmata' found in August. Dr MacFarlane and Mr Rattnay looked at his dried specimens last night and admired his lamp. Quotes a letter from Arbuthnott on the latest technique for mounting algae.

50) Joppa, 19 December 1886
Sends some 'Sphacelaria radicans' in fruit. Thanks for remarks on 'Cladostephus plumosus'. His wife cannot ask her uncle about the Brighton shares, as he has declined to see her, but perhaps his step-brother, who is a stock broker, would help. Wishes he could visit Holmes at Christmas but his health is bad and he is short of money. Has met several members of the Microscope Club. The Edinburgh Naturalists had a marine excursion and found 16 algae at [Canolice?] Park. He could have told them of over 100. Asks for a note on a postcard about the 'Dermolarpa'. Suffering badly from the cold and neuralgia.

51) Joppa, 15 January 1887
Sends some more 'Sphac. radicalis' in sea-water, with ['Sporangia'] in a more advanced state than before.

52) Edinburgh, 18 January 1887
Might exhibit to the Botanical Society various slides, and enlarged drawings of ['Sphc. olivacea'?] and 'Spira radicans'. Has not seen Mr Batters yet.

53) Joppa, 14 March 1887
Sends a copy of his 'Algae of Joppa'. Miss Gifford sent a specimen of 'Cladostephus plumosos' from Walney Island, in a direct line south from where Holmes found it on the Welsh coast. Winter weather back again.

54) Edinburgh, 23 March 1887
Will keep Holmes' amended paper until the printers need it at the end of the year. Thinks he found 'Phyllophora traillii' at the end of January 1880 or 1881, at very low water: gives notes about it and other specimens of it found by Mr [Tellan] and Mr Collins. Has never seen it or 'Call. strictum' in fruit. Got 100 copies of 'Joppa algae' for £1. Glad to learn of the new alga found by Holmes. Sends a slide of Mrs Gifford's 'Clad. plumosa'.

55) Edinburgh, 27 March 1887
Went to the Botanic Gardens and herbarium yesterday. Sends notes on various plants seen there and some of the doubtful identifications.

56) Edinburgh, 22 April 1887
Will try to get Holmes some 'Call. strictum'. Sends specimen of 'Phyll traillii', which may not suit Holmes' purpose.

57) Edinburgh, 28 April 1887
Sends a slide of 'Dermocarpa' with large globular feet and 6 slides of 'Phyllophora Traillii' and ['Broadia'] in different stages which he would like returned. Hopes to find 'Lithoderma fatiscens' when he can go out more. Would Holmes also like 'Sph. radicans'?

58) Edinburgh, [no day listed] August 1887
Visit to Orkney with Dr. Arbuthnott much less successful than he had hoped. Had to work on dintons, including compound ascidians. Most of the peat bogs were unproductive. Then they had to visit some of the county families, and there was much heavy rain. So he had only 9 days to collect algae. Long walks to the various bogs and lack of tidal pools made collecting hard. Dredging would have been necessary. 'Seirospora griffithsiana' was found, of a delicate pink, while dredging for dintons. Will send 'Phoeospora tortilis' for Holmes to inspect, and another unnamed species. Was able to name some of Pollexfen's Firth of Forth [estuary] specimens. Describes an expedition in an open boat to Ramsay, with a fierce gale blowing. Saw the trees of 'Veronica decussata', which his father brought from the Falklands. Sir Rose says he has never seen better specimens elsewhere. Also saw some 'Araucaria' and [Norway] pines. Visited tow ancient crevices, but both almost bare of algae, perhaps because of the heavy ground swell and breakers. Very few algae in the few pools either, but he brought back 'Lavier' to Sir Rose for his roast mutton. Next day the gale had moderated and they set out in an open boat for Kirkwall but a thunderstorm and squall nearly carried them out to sea. The men were urged to row and they just reach Elwick on the island of Shapinshay by evening, and got their clothes dried at the village inn and sent a telegram to Kirkwall. The return journey was equally hazardous and it had taken 10.5 hours to do the return journey of 16 miles. Found some good algae in Scappa [Scapa] Bay.

59) Edinburgh, 09 August 1887
Thanks for algae, several of which were quite new. Living in a small house in Portobello, as his own is let till the end of August. Will send a piece of 'Seirospora griffithsia'. The 3 specimens marked 'Holm' were found by someone who knows nothing of algae. Comments on the unfriendliness of the local farmers. Added note on 'Codium tomentosum'.

60) Edinburgh, 06 October 1887
Hopes Holmes found some good algae. Has not heard from Mondstedt or Kjellman about the doubtful Orkney algae. Should algae be described as parasitic or epiphytic or others?

61) Joppa, 27 November 1887
Has now heard from Kjellman about the Orkney plants. Gives his identifications.

62) Edinburgh, 30 November 1887
Bornet and Kjellman both not certain about 'Pilayella marina'.

63) Edinburgh, 08 December 1887
More notes from Bornet, rejecting the identification of 'Schizogonium'.

64) Joppa, 16 January 1888
Sends a cabinet size photo to replace the small one.

65) Edinburgh, 08 February 1888
Thanks for letter and algae. Sends a new list of desiderata. Has now about 455 species. Has sent some to Mr Batters to look at. Is sure that Orkney is likely to produce new British species, as evidenced by the collection sent to him by an Inland Revenue Officer who collected there for 1 year. Does not think the list of Prof. Traill's writings would be any use to him, as he does not know any of the Professors.

66) Edinburgh, 02 May 1888
Sends 5 copies of the paper. Has sent copies also to various others. Impressed by Batters' recent work. Will try to persuade his wife to take a house in Dunbar in August. Thinks collecting is a thing of the past, as he is suffering from heart trouble and cannot walk far. Is also constipated and has bad eye sight.

67) Dunbar, 13 August 1888
Sorry to Miss Holmes on his visit to Edinburgh. Has been examining the rocks. Will send his paper on the Algae of Elie.

68) Dunbar, 21 August 1888
Sorry to miss Holmes in Edinburgh over the weekend and not to be able to show him his algae. Will send on one or two specimens. Has decided to leave Edinburgh because of his health and has bought a small villa in Joppa with good views of the sea and country, modern bathroom etc. Has a new list of about 150 Dunbar species now.

69) Edinburgh, 24 September 1888
Sends a few samples for examination. Norstedt has found 'Vaucheria sphaerospora' among the Dunbar specimens. Also 'Dictyola dichotoma', a rarity here. Notes on 'H. lorea', with cylindrical spore receptacles and 'Rhodomela lycopodioides'. Dunbar was poor for dintons, but a local pond at home has supplied him with hordes of 'Amplipleura' ['amphileura'] 'pellucida'. Dr. McFarlane coming for a visit to look for algae. A Joppa friend is teaching his two sons, aged 13 and 15, to mount algae. Persevered with Holmes' receipt and [warm] water for some time, but derived no benefit, and has now taken to [cascara] and [glycerine] injections. Thinks his trouble may be mechanical and [incurable] [See 73].

70) Joppa, 03 December 1888
Has a nice specimen of 'Euthora cristata' in fruit. Asks Holmes to telephone with the names of five species enclosed. [Pollexfen?] has had a bad heart attack and is unlikely even to do his work on the Orkney algae.

71) Joppa, 15 December 1888
Asks for specimens back, to give to Mr. Sewell and comments on some 300 phytes and dintons.

72) Part of a letter from Joppa, undated
- about to leave Edinburgh soon. Battens visited him last autumn and they collected many good specimens after a storm.

73) Westness, Joppa, 06 January 1889
Thanks for note on 'Cladostephus plumosus'. Dr. Foslie asked Mr. Sewell in [Tromsoe] last year if Traill would exchange specimens with him, so asks Holmes not to duplicate these. [Miss Griffard] wrote some years ago about some 'Clad.' ['Cladostephus'] 'plumosus' found on Bardsey Island.

74) Joppa, 13 January 1889
Has no 'Call. strictum' or 'Chaeto' ['Carinalina']. Mentions the sudden death of Mrs. Merrifield, who had offered him her Indian and Australian specimens. Has not yet seen Holmes' latest fascicule.

75) Joppa, 01 March 1889
Notes on 'Pilayella curta' ('Ect. littoralis'?) and some other species commented on by Foslie.

76) Edinburgh, 08 March 1889
Thanks for remarks on 'Pilayella curta'. Thinks he found it on stiff mud on vertical, shady rocks at high water. Foslie's specimens are a bit different from his, perhaps owing to being mounted [dry]. Notes a comparison of species found in various localities.

77) Joppa, 18 April 1889
Foslie has now pronounced that the 'Pilayella curta' is, in fact, 'P. littoralis', and so not a British species. He cannot get to the herbarium because of his office hours and no one can get him a list of algae in Holmes' fascicule. Has been making lantern slides, which need [clean and flatly mounted].

78) Joppa, 07 May 1889
Found that the Botanic Gardens herbarium has only got Holmes' first fascicule. The library is very badly off for books. Asks if Holmes knows of any book on the fructification of algae and gives 2 desiderata from the fascicule. Wd. [would] like duplicates from the other two fascicules, if available.

79) Joppa, 25 September 1889
Thanks for letter and enclosures, and for the location of ['Spit.'] 'Tribulodes'. Asks about and gives notes on various other species. Sorry he cannot accept Holmes' invitation to spend Xmas [Christmas] with him. Has not heard of John [Elder] of Paignton and is reluctant to trust strangers with good specimens, having been deceived by a New Yorker and a Frenchman some years ago. Prof. [Geddes] was very interested in his slides. He is interested in the sexual relations of plants and lectures in Dundee and in Edinburgh in winter.

80) Joppa, 01 October 1889
Thanks for specimens. Has been given Mrs. Clarks' collection, made 40/50 years ago, which has some rubbish and many omissions. The specimens are [gummed] into books, so cannot be integrated with his own. Would Holmes like a list of localities for the same species?

81) Joppa, 26 January 1890
Thanks for note and enclosures. Has been ill with influenza, but has been sorting his duplicates, in case Holmes would like any. Has for some time suffered from shortness of breath, palpitations and faintness, as well as constipation, so he is unfit for active work.

82) Joppa, 09 February 1890
Sends the duplicates requested. Has 19 other parcels from different places, which Prof. Balfour says are interesting and may have to be incorporated in his general collection. Thanks for prescriptions, which he will try at once.

83) Joppa, 05 March 1890
Sends some 'Scinaia furcellata' (Agardh's 'Var. subcostata'). Is working at the Herbarium in the evenings. Prof. Balfour ill.

84) Joppa, 20 March 1890
Has received Holmes' desiderata, but not the specimens. Will send a list of all the duplicates at the Herbarium. No-one in charge at present and Balfour is still unwell, and there are many algae to be put in their places still. Will send a very interesting form of 'Call. cruciatum' found 70 years ago by Sir J. Richardson.

85) Joppa, 23 May 1890
Cannot remember if 'Porphyra amethystea' was dull or glossy. It was dark violet, not pink. Thanks for 'Sorocarpus uniformis'. May see Holmes at [Dunbar] and will look out [for] duplicates; he will be staying at [Lauderdale] Place, above the Indies' bathing place, near to where 'Sphacelaria tribuloides' was found. No work on algae being done yet at the [Dunbar] Marine Station. Been feeling unfit for collecting recently. The Edinburgh Exhibition not up to the mark this year, but 51,000 people visited it yesterday and the many whisky bars and saloons should make it pay.

86) Edinburgh, 21 June 1890
Has watched 'Prasiola marina' regularly for 1 year and glanced at it for the past 8 years, and can continue if required. Did [Butters] mention that Traill has identified his mother's Orkney 'Porphyra', found in 1839 as 'P. abyssicola'. Has looked for more 'Chaetomorpha baltica' without success and has never seen 'C. cannalina' here, only at Kirkwall.

87) Joppa, 5 November 1890
Glad that Holmes found 2 new (to Britain) species while in Scotland and suggests that he notifies Dr. [McFarlane] the secretary of the Botanical Society. Has found good zoophytes at Tayport, not algae. Glad that Holmes' list of algae will soon be ready. Foslie's list of Finmark Algae very instructive. His own list of Orkney algae has now been printed: these form a bridge between N.E. America and Norway. Sewell's small Arctic collection has been lost. Has found large 'Dictysiphon mesogloia' ([?] 15") and given some to the Herbarium. Has nothing noteworthy to send to Holmes at present.

88) Edinburgh, 30 January 1891
Many thanks for list of British Algae, long awaited and very welcome. Sorry his own Orkney list is not yet issued, as it gives many extra localities for species. Shetland is almost "Terra incognita" as regards to algae, as [Edmonstone's] list is unreliable. Miss Boning unable to collect anymore and would like to sell her collections.

89) Joppa, 06 March 1891
Cannot reply adequately to Holmes' letter without consulting the Grenville Herbarium and Pollexfen, but gives some notes on each species. Daunted by the vast areas to be covered in Orkney, and the amount of work to be done especially one island which has never been investigated. N.B. particularly interesting letter as regards the characteristics of each species.

90) Joppa, 21 March 1891
Gives notes on 2 Orkney species - 'Enteromorpha erecta' and 'Chaetomorpha implexa'. Never seen 'Desmotrichum undulatum', but it probably exists in Orkney. Mentions 2/3 omissions from his Orkney list.

91) Edinburgh, 25 February 1892
Has let his house in Joppa on a 5 year lease, as it was expensive to keep up. Mrs. Traill is unwell, perhaps from the rain and damp bedding in their holiday lodgings. Her sciatica was treated unsuccessfully in Torquay and Bath. She cannot keep house, so they are in furnished lodgings. Has not done any work on algae lately. Glad that Holmes is going over the Oxford Herbarium.

92) Edinburgh, 13 March 1892
Thanks for the paper in the Pharmaceutical Journal, which is very interesting. Good work being done by various young men and by Foslie, tho' [though] he is not so good when studying foreign countries, such as the Isle of Wight. Agrees that a study of the Shetland and Orkney Islands would be useful. Less ebb and flow in Shetland and the country is rougher, so getting specimens more difficult. The best Orkney Island seems to be Westray. Does not think he will be able to visit Orkney again, but hopes some good algologist will do so and study the Atlantic and Northern coasts of Rattray. Has had difficulty in getting a satisfactory illustration of 'Dictyosiphon fragilis'.

93) Edinburgh, 10 November 1893
Has given his collection of British algae, with 1250 pressed specimens, the Edinburgh Botanical Society, together with N. [North] American, Adriatic and Artic specimens. His main N. [North] American collection and Norwegian, Australian and Ceylonese specimens have been presented to the museum of the "New College". Has kept his collection of diatoms and slides, some algae slides and pressed specimens and books and instruments. Mr. Jack visited him and went over the collections very enthusiastically before they were given away.

94) Edinburgh, 16 November 1893
No-one present in the Botanical Society on the Botanic Gardens with much practical knowledge of algae, but Prof. Balfour, keeper of the Gardens, will give the collections every care and respect. The Adriatic specimens were from Dr. [De Toni], some carelessly mounted. Sympathises with Holmes in having to wear glasses. Has sent list of algae to Mr. Jack which he should be able to find in his district, in order to help him increase his list, e.g. in the mouth of the Tay. The "New College" is the divinity college of the Free Church of Scotland. Professor [Duns] is the Prof. of Natural History. The Australian Algae are mostly from Adelaide. His step-brother, Walter Traill, has a garden full of rare plants on Stewart Island, inc. [including] the very fine and rare tree, 'Olearia traillii', and some Veronicas, which also thrive in his nephew's garden in Orkney even better than on Stewart Island, whose climate is rainy and damp, with some snow. There are over 40 Veronica species in the Botanic Gardens. Description of Walter Traill, "a real rolling-stone", whose activities include stone keeping, seal hunting, oyster catching, boat building and is fortunately unmarried. He has never been persuaded to collect algae.

95) Edinburgh, 21 March 1894 [Card]
Describes a specimen. Kjellman's description of it (name not given) agrees with his. Hopes Mr. Jack will visit Holmes. His only day off is Good Friday, so will not go away.

96) Edinburgh, 24 March 1894
Much obliged for specimen of 'Goniophyllum buffhami' ['Gonimophyllum' - Lily?] and 'Lyngbya semiplena'. Sent a plant to Kjellman of 'Acrosiphomia' Sp. [Species], which is very rare and which Kjellman cannot identify with certainty: he has now lost the slide, and Traill cannot get another now. Has received parcels of seeds from his step-brother, 'Olearia angustifolia', 'O. traillii' and many good 'Veronicas'. Finds it hard to carry on with office work and is much weaker, and apt to get chilled.

97) Edinburgh, 10 September 1894
Does not often hear from his scientific friends since giving up active work, but is still very interested in algogical discoveries. Offered to help the keeper of the Royal Botanical Gardens to put the algae collections into order, but there is 20 times the amount of work to than he had guessed: he works 5 hrs. [hours] on Saturday, 1 ½ every week-day and 8 on each office holiday and will be glad when he has to stop on 1st Oct. [October] on account of longer office hours. Many inferior duplicates which the professor will not allow him to discard. Did Holmes even send his 2nd Fascicule? All the others are there. Getting older and weaker and will need a cab to get to work this winter. Enjoyed a holiday with his nephew and family in the summer (August) in North Ronaldsay, where there are innumerable rock pools at all levels, with 'Melobesia' bottoms and crowded with algae. Describes the species and his excursion to "Seal Skerry", a dangerous rock, where there were only common sea-weeds, but flocks of great seals and common spotted seals. His nephew tries to protect them from being shot, mostly successfully. He also saw 37 nests of Cormorants, each with 3 birds in it, and built entirely of 'Fucus vesiculosus'. Also visited a lighthouse in very bad weather and had to shelter in a friendly cottage. His nephew's health is poor, but he is interested in collecting algae. The birds of the island have been described by Mr. Briggs. Two female cross-bills shot while he was there, and one male captured alive, which proved very tame, but choked on some coarse barley: all 3 are now being stuffed. 'Phormium tenax' 10 ft. [feet] tall and many Veronicas grow in his nephew's garden. P.S. Reason for holiday was to get relief from his wife's wastefulness and extravagance and petty jealousies, which have worried him for a long time. She also tries to turn everyone against him, and she and his 3 children will not speak to him for weeks at a time. This boycotting is ruining his health and spirits and he goes out of the house as much as possible. His eldest boy, aged 19, is very insolent and refuses to pay him any board. Asks Holmes to keep all this confidential.

98) Edinburgh, 19 September 1894
Very glad to have Holmes' letter about his holiday in Torquay. Mr. [Butters] has offered to name any doubtful Orkney specimens and Mr. Geo. [George] Murray has offered to name all the foreign unnamed algae, if he can have any duplicates for the British Museum. Prof. Balfour is a hard task-master and there is no prospect of remuneration. There is no money even for books and the Gardens are in debt. Is still trying to get a copy of Holmes' 2nd Fascicule. Thanks for advice on his domestic problems, but fears the problem is too deep-seated to be helped. Subjected to a volley of violent abuse from his wife until 1 am one night. Then at 2 am was startled by piercing shrieks and found his wife in violent hysteria, making suicidal statements etc. No help available at that hour. She gradually calmed down and in the morning had forgotten it all, but had a violent headache and diarrhoea.

99) Edinburgh, 29 September 1894
[Dulam] has offered a copy of the 2nd Fascicule for £1.4[?] and the prof. has agreed to buy it. His work is nearly finished at the herbarium and his domestic situation is better: has reached a written understanding with his son about payment for his board and about being civil to him, as the law requires.

100) Edinburgh, 12 January 1896
Has had bronchitis for 2 weeks and still feeling weak and working only part-time at the office. Sends a paper on the algae of North Ronaldsay. [Note in margin says wrong order].

101) Cupar, Fife, 30 November 1896
Apologies for not writing before. Has had pleurisy and insomnia and depression. Has moved inland on doctor's orders and got leave of absence until May 15th. Uses a bath [chair]. Misses his sea-weed work, but is told that 10-12 workers meet fortnightly to work on them to work on them, and his collections are being used.

102) Cupar, Fife, 14 December 1896
Thanks for advice on his health. Always does wear woollen underclothes, and hopes to cure his insomnia naturally, with Holems' prescriptions. Tries to walk a little, but usually comes back cold and chilled. Surprised that Holmes has found ['Lichmannia'?] as well as 'Delesseria angustissima' at Lossiemouth.

103) Cupar, Fife, 27 December 1896 [From Phebe Traill]
Mr. Traill's health much improved since coming to Cupar, where the air is much drier than at Joppa, and everyone very kind and enquiring about his health. But he is still weak and sleeping badly.

104) [No address or date] [First page missing?]
About the heat and temperature at the marine [?]. Dr. Murray disappointed with the results.

105) [No address or date] [Incomplete letter]
Thanks Holmes for suggesting Dr. McFarlane that he become a member of the Botanical Society.

106) [No address or date] [Incomplete letter]
Notes on various species and on his daughter, Mary's, death.

107) [No address or date]
List of species.

108) [No address or date]
Note on [Pollexfen] growing ['Desmarestia aculeata'].

109) [No address or date]
Part of incomplete letter. Describes a [lecture] with Mr. Rattray and collecting specimens with him at Earlsferry. Heard Prof. Dickson is to give up his chair.

110) [No address or date]
Torn note on 'Furcellaria'.
Date[1850 - 1928]
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